Admire the flamingo-filled expanse of Lake Nakuru. Spot the Big Five in Samburu National Reserve. Visit Ethiopia’s friendly tribespeople in the Omo Valley. Encounter the amazing birdlife of Lake Ziway
Discover fascinating places and beautiful scenery on this journey across the heart of Ethiopia’s countryside. Experience a land like no other, from the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela and the untouched wilderness of the Simien Mountains, to the sophistication of Gonder and the history of ruin-peppered Aksum. Feel the mist rise from the Blue Nile Falls and spot Africa’s iconic Big Five in Kenya’s Samburu National Reserve. Along the way, encounter friendly Rastafarians, proud Samburu warriors and the rarely visited tribespeople of the Omo Valley. Travelling through a remote and very special part of the continent, this is an adventure like no other.
Border Information: if joining in Gondar, you will most likely enter Ethiopia at Gondar Atse Tewodros Airport. There will be a group meeting at the joining hotel at 6:00pm. Please look out for a note from your tour leader at the reception when you arrive giving more details about this important meeting. If you are continuing to Kenya or beyond, your leader will need to check the validity dates of your Ethiopian visa. On the next day, we will have a half day guided tour of the historical sites of Gondar, including Gondar Castle, the King Fasilades' Baths and the Debre Birhan Selassie church.
In Gondar we will stay in a comfortable hotel with good facilities.
Hotel for the night: Lammergeyer Hotel
PO box 57
Tel: 0581 12 29 03
The historic city of Gondar is known as the city of castles and palaces. This was once the capital of Ethiopia in the reign of King Fasilidas who built the first castle. Successive kings added their own castles to the complex. On the outskirts of the town there is also Fasilidas' Bath, which is an interesting
building standing in an artificial pool which is still filled for occasional religious ceremonies. At the Debre Berhan Sellassie Church we can see the famous ceiling which is painted with hundreds of faces of angels and hear about the church's fascinating yet violent history.
Included: Learn all about medieval Ethiopia on a half-day guided tour of the castles, churches and baths of Gondar.
(Included in Kitty)
Optional: Enjoy a tour of the local Dashen brewery in Gondar
Today, we will have an included half day guided tour of the historical sites of
Gondar, including Gondar Castle, the King Fasilades' Baths and the Debre Birhan
In Gondar we will stay in a comfortable hotel with good facilities.
Simien Mountains National Park
Today marks the start of our 3-day excursion into the Simien Mountains National Park. We will first drive to Debark, where we will have a briefing from our local mountain guide explaining the various trekking options we will have during our excursion, before heading into the National Park.
Estimated Drive Time: 3-5 hours. Please note that all drive times given here are the approximate number of hours that the truck will be in motion only, and does not include any time taken for coffee or lunch stops, border crossings,
photo stops, activities en route, comfort breaks, shopping stops, toilet stops, etc. The times given are approximate estimates only and whilst given with the best of intentions, the drive times are heavily dependent on traffic, road conditions, weather, police roadblocks, and many other factors - flexibility is
essential on any overland trip!
The area is home to some of Africa's most jaw-dropping mountain scenery and is a great opportunity to enjoy some incredibly beautiful treks and breathtaking views!
The area is also home many indigenous animals, and during our time here we hope to spot Lammargeyer vultures, geladas, Walia ibex, and (if we are very lucky) klipspringers and Ethiopian wolves.
We will spend 3 nights in the incredible Simien Mountains National Park. On each day we aim to provide an option for a long trek (of 5-8 hours), a short trek (2-5 hours) or no trekking.
On our first day, we aim to wild camp at the area of Sankaber. On our second and third days, we aim to wild camp at the area of Chenek (underneath Ras Bwahit, the second-highest mountain in the Simiens, which we hope to get the opportunity to summit).
Please note that we must keep a flexible itinerary in the Simien Mountains, as our options will largely be determined by the weather.
The Simien Mountains are known throughout the world for their dramatic and spectacular scenery - jagged mountain peaks flank deep valleys and high altitude plains where only grasses, junipers and giant lobelias grow. The Simiens are one of the major mountain regions of Africa, home to the mountain
Ras Dejen, which at 4,543m is the highest mountain in Ethiopia. The National Park was created initially as a protection area for the Walia ibex, a very agile wild goat that inhabits the area. Other wildlife that are commonly seen in the area are geladas (a baboon-type primate with long hair), klipspringers, Ethiopian wolves, and Lammageyer vultures! Perhaps the best highlight of the National Park is the phenomenal mountain scenery, best seen by trekking through the wonderful landscape - standing on top of a sharp precipice and gazing out over the magnificent landscape here will take your breath away, so it's definitely worth taking a bit of time to explore.
Please also note that the camping areas in the national park are very basic, and are essentially wild camps with long drop toilets. Please also note that the food and provisions available in Debark and the National Park are very limited,
and it is also likely to be very cold at night (often dropping below freezing), so please be prepared!
Included: Head out on 3 days of guided treks in the phenomenal scenery of the Simien Mountains National Park.
(Included in Kitty)
Today is our final day in the Simien Mountains National Park, and we make our way back to Debark for the night.
In Debark we will stay in a basic local hotel.
Debark is a tiny settlement that was built in the 1840s along the busy Gondar-
Massawa trading route. There is not much of interest in the town, but it is the
gateway to the magnificent Simien Mountains National Park and a decent place to stock up on supplies before visiting the park,
Leaving Debark behind us, we continue our journey with a full day
of driving through the foothills of the Simien Mountains to reach the ancient town of Axum in the far north of Ethiopia. The roads here are very tough, but we are rewarded with more truly breathtaking scenery!
Axum is the site of Ethiopia's oldest city, and was once the centre of the mighty Axumite Empire. This empire flourished in the area between the 1st and 8th Centuries CE, and by the 5th Century controlled much of present-day Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Yemen and Saudi Arabia!
The town retains some impressive obelisks from the Axumite era carved from
single blocks of granite - the tallest still standing is 23 metres high and was
probably transported by elephants from a nearby quarry. The scale of the
monuments in this stelae field are testament to the enormous importance that
the ancient kingdom of Axum once enjoyed. Close to the town are the
extensive ruins of a palace that is said to have belonged to the biblical figure of
the Queen of Sheba, who was said to have travelled to Jerusalem to test the
wisdom of King Solomon.
Also in the town are a complex of several ancient churches - the most famous
of these is a small unimposing building known as the Church of St. Mary of Zion, which is rumoured by devout Coptic Christians to house the original Ark of the Covenant (the legendary box that contained the original Ten Commandments), although apparently only one appointed guardian is ever allowed to see it!
In Axum we will stay in a basic hotel.
Estimated Drive Time: 8 hours. Please note that all drive times given here are
approximate estimates only and are given with the best intentions - however
please be aware that the drive times are heavily dependent on traffic, road
conditions, weather, police roadblocks, and many other factors - flexibility is
essential on any overland trip!
Today we will continue through the breathtaking mountain scenery of the Adwa
mountains and visit one of the famous rock-hewn churches of Tigray (either the
Abraha Atsbeha or Wukro Chirkos church) near to Mekele.
Mekele is the cultural, economic and political hub of the northern region of
Tigray. Historians date the town of Mekele back to the 13th Century CE, and it
is famous for its rock-hewn churches in the surrounding desert landscapes -
these churches are stunning and remote, some of them dating all the way
backto the 4th and 5th Centuries. We will aim to visit at least one of these
atmospheric old Coptic churches on our journey through the province of Tigray.
In Mekele we will stay in a decent local hotel.
Estimated Drive Time: 7-9 hours.
Included: Explore the Tigray rock-hewn churches at Mekele (Free)
After breakfast meet your 4x4 vehicles and drive to Hamed Ella. On the way
you will pass through the beautiful Tigre Villages and the escarpment of the
Afar depression, this is commonly known as the cradle of mankind is part of the Great East African Rift Valley. Along the way you will see camel caravans going to the traditional salt minin or to the North Eastern highlands of the country, loaded with salt bars in the old traditional way. We will also stop at Brehalle where we will get our permits and scouts for the trip into the Danakil Depression.
The Danakil Depression is located in the Afar Region of north-east Ethiopia,
near the border with Eritrea. It is a geological depression caused by the Afar
Triple Junction: a place where three tectonic plates join, most famous for
being one of the hottest places on earth as well as one of the lowest places on
the planet ( approximately 100 metres below sea level ).
Temperatures frequently soar above 50 degrees celcius
We will wildcamp at Hammed Ella both nights for this excursion. The final day
we will then make our way back to Mekele visiting villages along the way.
On the second day you we drive to Dallol. Here in Dallol you will visit the
beautiful land covered by salt, sulfur and different minerals that gives the area
a spectactular colour. We will then continue on to Lake Asale to watch the Afarand Tigre men cut the salt into bars and load up their camels before they head to the highlands of Ethiopia.
Included: Journey out on an incredible 3 day/2 night excursion to the Danakil Depression.
(Included in Kitty)
Today we will finish our time in the beautiful Danakil Depression. We will make
our way back to Mekele to stay in a basic hotel overnight.
Today we will have a full day drive to the town of Lalibela.
Hidden in the hills of northern Ethiopia is the small town of Lalibela. This
medieval village has grown up around 13 monolithic churches hewn from rock in the 12th Century CE.
The layout and names of the major buildings in Lalibela are widely accepted to
be a symbolic representation of Jerusalem, which has led some experts to date the churches to the years following the capture of Jerusalem in 1187 by Muslim leader Saladin. The rock-hewn churches are an awe-inspiring feat of
engineering, and each is uniquely-designed and beautifully carved - the legend
goes that King Lalibela completed all the work in 12 days with the help of a
band of angels, but in reality the project took many years and thousands of
labourers to complete.
The village is small, the churches largely visited by devout Ethiopian pilgrims
rather than masses of foreign tourists, and therefore retains its
original Ethiopian charm and incredible atmosphere. The monastery
of Asheten Mariam is hidden in the rugged hills behind the village, and there is a wonderful trek up the cliffs to reach it and take in the incredible views at the top. Near to Lalibela is the ancient church of Yemrehana Kristos,
uniquely located in a cave - this can be visited during our free time in Lalibela.
Estimated Drive Time: 9-10 hours.
On our first day in Lalibela, we will have an included full-day guided tour of its
world-famous 13th-century rock churches. Our guide will be able to explain the
fascinating history of Lalibela and its churches, and there will be plenty of time
to explore, absorb the haunting atmosphere inside the churches, and take
plenty of photographs of the incredible architecture and the religious rituals
On our second day, we will have a free day for further exploration or optional
activities. We will have opportunity to hike up the nearby mountains to the
Asheten Monastery, visit the Yemrehana Kristos cave church outside the town,
or freely explore the Lalibela churches again at your own pace.
Optional: Explore the highlands of Lalibela on foot, possibly walking to the nearby Asheten Monastery.
Included: Guided tour of the ancient rock churches and monasteries at Lalibela.
(Included in Kitty)
Optional: Visit Yemrehana Kristos, the very unique 'church in a cave' near Lalibela.
Today we will drive to Bahir Dar, a small town on Lake Tana, the source of the
mighty Blue Nile.
Bahir Dar is a small city located on the banks of Lake Tana, a beautiful lake
that is famous as the source of the Blue Nile. A few kilometres down the river from Bahir Dar are the spectacular Blue Nile Falls - locally known as Tissisat Falls (literally translating as 'water that smokes'), these waterfalls are located in a stunning area which is excellent to trek around.
On the lake itself are a number of monasteries on islands and peninsulas, and
we take the opportunity to visit at least one on a boat trip on the lake.
These churches feature the traditional murals and decorations of the Ethiopian
Coptic Church - as Christianity in Ethiopia was isolated after the emergence of
Islam in the 7th Century, the religion here took a distinct style and the
decorations of the monasteries of Lake Tana reflect that perfectly.
Estimated Drive Time: 8-9 hours.
On our first day in Bahir Dar, we will have an included boat trip on Lake Tana to
visit the famous old monastery of Gabriel Ure Kideth and to visit the spot where the lake outflows into the start of the Blue Nile.
On our second full day, we will head off in the truck to visit the Blue Nile Falls
and take a short walk around the area to the historic Portuguese Bridge. We
will have some free time in the afternoon to visit some other spots around Bahir
Dar such as the 'Hippo bridge' and the Tigray war memorial.
In Bahir Dar we will stay in decent local hotel.
Included: Boat trip on Lake Tana from Bahir Dar to visit the monasteries. (Included in Kitty)
Included: Explore the stunning Blue Nile Falls just downstream of Bahir Dar. (Included in Kitty)
Today we will continue our journey south towards Addis Ababa. We will break
the journey with a nightstop in a basic local hotel in the small town of Debre
Markos en route.
Estimated Drive Time: 4-6 hours
Included: Overland journey north of Addis Ababa, passing through the immense Blue Nile Gorge.
Today we will complete our journey to the bustling Ethiopian capital of Addis
Ababa. En route we will drive to the bottom of the dramatic Blue Nile Gorge
and up the other side!
Referred to more commonly as simply "Addis", the Ethiopian capital of Addis
Ababa lies amongst wooded hills at an altitude of about 2,300 metres, giving it
a pleasant climate. Addis has many sights to offer visitors - get a fascinating glimpse into Ethiopia's many tribal groups at the Ethnological Museum, see the stunning fossi collection at the National Museum, and don't miss the chaotic bustle of the Mercato, one of Africa's largest open-air markets.
All manner of arts and crafts can be found in the souvenir shops on Churchill Avenue, and there is often some excellent live music to be found in the centre of the city!
In Addis Ababa we will stay in a comfortable hotel with good facilities.
Estimated Drive Time: 7-9 hours
Optional: Visit "Lucy", one of the oldest complete hominid skeletons ever found, at the National Museum.
Optional: Stroll through the Addis Ababa Mercato, one of the largest markets in Africa.
Optional: Visit Africa Hall, a symbol of African independence and optimism. (Free)
Optional: Visit the St. George's Cathedral (Giorgis Cathedral), built to commemorate Ethiopia's victory over the Italians in 1896. (Free)
Optional: Visit the Menelik Mausoleum, built to serve as
the tombs of emperors and princes.
Optional: Explore the fascinating Ethnological Museum, one of the best museums in Africa set in a former palace of Haile Selassie.